Types and Usage
Water is one of the key reasons for human survival and civilization in general. Water is considered to be the most important factor behind existence of life on earth. Human body is made of 70 percent of water, much of which is lost through urine and sweat, which is the reason why experts and nutritionists emphasis upon the need to be hydrated at all times.
The colourless and tasteless elixir of life comes in many types.
Types of Water: Water is distinguished on the basis of its origin, consistency, composition and treatment.
1. Tap water: Tap water is the water that you get directly from your faucet, it may or may not be suited for drinking purposes. It is widely used for household chores such as cleaning, cooking, gardening and washing clothes.
2. Mineral Water: Mineral water is the water that naturally contains minerals. It is obtained from underground sources, which makes it rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium, manganese. No further minerals can be added to the water.
3. Spring water: In some places, rainwater accumulated underground tends to “leak” out at the surface as a spring, or puddle. Natural springs are not passed through a community water system and are yet considered suitable for drinking as it comes from under the ground.
4.Well water: When it rains, water trickles down and travels through the inner crevices of the soil, beneath the ground to form underground lakes. This happens over a period of time. In rural areas, one of the primary sources of water is what is dug out from deep wells. Deep wells directly tap groundwater and bring it to the surface from which people can take their water.
5.Purified water: A purified water is the water which after deriving from its source has underwent purification treatment in a plant. The act of purifying entails removing all bacteria, contaminants and dissolved solids making it suitable to drinking and other purposes.
6. Distilled water: Distilled water or demineralised water is one where the water has been subjected to a treatment that removes all its minerals and salt by the process of reverse osmosis and distillation.7.Sparkling Water
You may have encountered waiters in your favourite restaurant asking your preference of water: regular, mineral or sparkling. Sparkling water is the water that has undergone carbonation which makes your water fizzy just like your sodas. Sparkling water may be spring water, purified water or even mineral water, upon addition of carbon dioxide it becomes sparkling water.